This tutorial will be helpful for beginners to install Git on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, Alma Linux 9, Fedora, and Linux Mint 21.
What is GIT
As you are all aware Ubuntu and Linux Mint typically come with Git pre-installed, you might want to install a specific version like 2.43.1 for compatibility or feature reasons.
This guide will walk you through the process step-by-step.
Before proceeding to install the latest version of git, below requirements needs to be achieved
- An Ubuntu or Linux Mint system.
- SUDO access to a terminal window.
- A basic understanding of command-line navigation.
Understanding the Installation Methods
Via Source code :
This provides tar file versions directly from the git repo it is time-consuming and it can be done via CLI.
Personal Package Archive (PPA):
This offers newer versions but might introduce compatibility issues. Choose this only if you specifically need Git 2.43.1 or a similar newer version.
How to Install Git on Ubuntu and Linux Mint
Method 1: Personal Package Archive (PPA): (Recommended for Most Users)
Before proceeding make sure the system is up to date
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y
Add the PPA
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa
Update the system
sudo apt update
sudo apt install git
Method 2: Using the Source file (applicable for all Linux distributions)
Install the required dependencies before proceeding
For Ubuntu / Linux Mint
sudo apt update
sudo apt install build-essential libssl-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip
Red Hat /CentOS / Fedora
sudo dnf groupinstall "Development Tools"
sudo dnf install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel perl-CPAN perl-devel
sudo pacman -Syu --needed base-devel libcurl-compat libexpat
Download the Git 2.43.1 tar file from the downloads page or use the below command
Extract the tar file and configure the GIT
tar -xf git-2.43.1.tar.gz -C /opt
cd /opt/git-2.43.1 && make prefix=/usr/local all install
Verify the git version
Setting up GIT
Configure Username and Email
git config --global user.name "Your Name"
git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
Replace “Your Name” and “[email protected]” with your details.
git config --list
This will display your Git configuration, including username and email.
Official Git documentation – https://git-scm.com/docs
Atlassian Git tutorial – https://www.atlassian.com/git/tutorials/install-git
You’ve successfully installed and configured Git on your Ubuntu or Linux Mint machine.
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